PUBLIC HEALTH EDUCATION
School of Health and Human Sciences
Journal of Human LactationPaige Hall Smith, PhD, MSPH, Ethan T. Bamberger, BS
Journal of Human Lacatation
Gender Inclusivity is Not Gender Neutrality
Volume 37, Issue 3, p. 441-443
The field of lactation and breastfeeding has a very entrenched tradition of gendering parents who provide human milk for their infants. This is perhaps not altogether surprising given that the idea of femininity and masculinity forming contrast-ing parts of a greater whole is an ancient and widespread one. Taoist philosophy, based on the classic Chinese text the Tao de Ching (Tzu, 1988/n.d.) from around 500 BCE includes the concept of the Yin- Yang, opposite but comple-mentary forces of existence; one force cannot have meaning without the other. For example, that light cannot exist with-out that of darkness, masculine cannot exist without femi-nine. In this philosophy, these complementary forces, including masculine and feminine, are not dualistic: they are nondual, not either–or but opposites of one thing that lead into each other and contain each other (Galindo, 2017).