HUMAN DEVELOPMENT AND FAMILY STUDIES

School of Health and Human Sciences

Jonathan Tudge

Jonathan Tudge, PhD
Professor
PhD, Cornell University
Email: jrtudge@uncg.edu
Curriculum Vitae

Classes Taught

  • HDF 211: Human Development Across the Lifespan Syllabus (pdf)
  • HDF 652: Theories of Human Development Syllabus (pdf)

Research Interests

Gratitude

Most of my research focuses on the interrelations between the social world and children’s social, moral, and cognitive development. My current line of research is on the development of gratitude, and the decline of materialism, in children and adolescents. Although many scholars who study gratitude view it as a positive emotion, I treat it as a virtue, drawing on neo-Aristotelian virtue ethics. As such, it involves being grateful to those who have benefited us in some way (and a desire to reciprocate if possible) rather than being grateful for the nice things that happen to us. Colleagues and I are therefore exploring the development of these characteristics in children and adolescents, and the role of their parents, in different cultures. This research received three years of funding from The John Templeton Foundation, to whom we are most grateful. Findings from this study, and related research, were published in Tudge, J. R. H., & Freitas, L. B. L. (Eds.) (2018), Developing gratitude in children and adolescents, Cambridge University Press, and also in a Special Issue on the development of gratitude in Cross-Cultural Research (January 2018). We have also conducted intervention studies in schools in the United States and Brazil, to assess the effectiveness of trying to encourage the development of gratitude as a virtue. Some important papers on this topic are:

  • Freitas, L. B. L., Merçon-Vargas, E. A., Palhares, F., & Tudge, J. R. H. (2019). Assessing variations in the expression of gratitude in youth: A three-cohort replication in southern Brazil.  Current Psychology. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12144-019-00334-6
  • Mendonça, S. E., Merçon-Vargas, E. A., Payir, A., & Tudge, J. R. H. (2018). The development of gratitude in seven societies: Cross-cultural highlights. In Cross-Cultural Research, Special Issue on Cross-cultural variations in the development of the virtue of gratitude (Eds. E. A. Merçon-Vargas, K. Poelker, & J. R. H. Tudge), 52, 135–150. doi: 10.1177/1069397117737245
  • Tudge, J. R. H., Freitas, L. B. L., & O’Brien, L. T. (2015). The virtue of gratitude: A developmental and cultural approach. Human Development, 58(4), 281–300. DOI:10.1159/000444308

 

Urie Bronfenbrenner

I have also written quite extensively, with various colleagues, on the development of Urie Bronfenbrenner’s bioecological theory, and how to put that theory into research practice. There seems to be a need for this, given that many scholars who state that their research is based on Bronfenbrenner’s theory have misrepresented it. The three most influential papers on this topic are:

  • Tudge, J. R. H., Mokrova, I., Hatfield, B., & Karnik, R. B. (2009). Uses and misuses of Bronfenbrenner’s bioecological theory of human development. Journal of Family Theory and Review, 1(4), 198-210.
  • Rosa, E. M., & Tudge, J. R. H. (2013). Urie Bronfenbrenner’s theory of human development: Its evolution from ecology to bioecology. Journal of Family Theory and Review, 5(6), 243–258. DOI:10.1111/jftr.12022.
  • Tudge, J. R. H., Payir, A., Merçon-Vargas, E. A., Cao, H., Liang, Y., Li, J., & O’Brien, L. T. (2016). Still misused after all these years? A re-evaluation of the uses of Bronfenbrenner’s bioecological theory of human development. Journal of Family Theory and Review, 8, 427–445. doi: 10.1111/jftr.12165.

More recent papers deal with the meaning of proximal processes (on-line first in Journal of Family Theory and Review) was published with Brazilian co-authors (Merçon-Vargas, E. A., Lima R., Rosa, E., & Tudge, J. R. H.) and on operationalizing the PPCT model (on-line first in Human Development) was published with Chinese colleagues (Xia, M., Li, X., & Tudge, J. R. H.).  Other papers have described how Bronfenbrenner’s theory can be applied in school settings.

 

The Cultural Ecology of Young Children

In much of my earlier research I used cultural-ecological theory, a contextualist theory that draws on the ideas of Lev Vygotsky and Urie Bronfenbrenner. The major line of research is longitudinal and cross-cultural in design, dealing with the ways in which young children become part of the cultural group in which they live. This work involves extensive observations of the everyday activities of children when they are three years of age as well as interviews and questionnaires with their parents regarding their child-rearing values and beliefs. The children are followed through their first years of school, when data on parents’ and teachers’ perceptions of the children’s social and academic competence are also gathered. This research is cross-cultural (US, Russia, Estonia, Finland, Korea, Kenya, and Brazil) and examines within-societal variations as a function of ethnicity and social class. A book, based on this research, is: Tudge, J. R. H. (2008).  The everyday lives of young children: Culture, class, and child rearing in diverse societies. New York: Cambridge University Press. Other influential papers include:

  • Tudge, J. R. H., Lopes, R. S., Piccinini, C. A., Sperb, T. M, Chipenda-Dansokho, S., Marin, A. H., Vivian, A. G., Oliveira, D. S., Sonego, J., Frizzo, G. B., & Freitas, L. B. L. (2013). Parents’ child-rearing values in southern Brazil: Mutual influences of social class and children’s development. Journal of Family Issues, 34(10), 1379–1400.  doi: 10.1177/0192513X12453820
  • Tudge, J. R. H., Brown, J., & Freitas, L. B. L. (2011). The cultural ecology of play: Methodological considerations for studying play in its everyday contexts. In A. D. Pellegrini (Ed.), The Oxford handbook of the development of play (pp. 119-137). New York: Oxford University Press.
  • Tudge, J. R. H., Doucet, F., Odero, D., Sperb, T., Piccinini, C., & Lopes, R. (2006). A window into different cultural worlds: Young children’s everyday activities in the United States, Kenya, and Brazil. Child Development, 77(5), 1446-1469.

 

Full details are available on my CV and if you’d like to receive a copy of articles or chapters, please write to jrtudge@uncg.edu.

Books

  • Tudge, J. R. H., & Freitas, L. B. L. (Eds.) (2018). Developing gratitude in children and adolescents. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
  • Fleer, M., Hedegaard, M., & Tudge, J. R. H. (Eds.) (2009). The world year book of education 2009: Childhood studies and the impact of globalization: Policies and practices at global and local levels. New York: Routledge.
  • Tudge, J. R. H. (2008). The everyday lives of young children: Culture, class, and child rearing in diverse societies. New York: Cambridge University Press.
  • Tudge, J. R. H., Shanahan, M., & Valsiner, J. (Eds.) (2008). Comparisons in human development: Understanding time and context. New York: Cambridge University Press. (Paperback edition; first published in 1997)

Selected Publications

PUBLICATIONS (last five years)

 

Book

  • Tudge, J. R. H., & Freitas, L. B. L. (Eds.) (2018). Developing gratitude in children and adolescents. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.

Articles and chapters

  • Navarro, J. L., & Tudge, J. R. H. (under review). What is gratitude? The answer is in-gratitude. Human Development
  • Tudge, J. R. H., Payir, A., & Merçon-Vargas, E. A. (under review). Urie Bronfenbrenner’s bioecological theory: Its development, core concepts, and critical issues. In K. Adamsons, Few-Demo, A., Proulx, C., & Roy, K. (Eds.), Sourcebook of family theories and methodologies. New York: Springer.
  • Merçon-Vargas, E. A., Lima R., Rosa, E., & Tudge, J. R. H. (in press). Processing proximal processes: What Bronfenbrenner meant, what he didn’t mean, and what he should have meant. Journal of Family Theory and Review.
  • Navarro, J. L., Doucet, F., & Tudge, J. R. H. (in press). The bioecological theory of Urie Bronfenbrenner. In D. F. Gullo & M. E. Graue (Eds.), Scientific influences on early childhood education: From diverse perspectives to common practices. New York, NY: Routledge.
  • Xia, M., Li, X, & Tudge, J. R. H. (in press). Operationalizing Urie Bronfenbrenner’s Process-Person-Context-Time model. Human Development
  • Tudge, J. R. H., & Rosa, E. M. (2020). Bronfenbrenner’s ecological theory. In S. Hupp & J. D. Jewell (Eds.), The encyclopedia of child and adolescent development. New York, NY: John Wiley.
  • Freitas, L. B. L., Merçon-Vargas, E. A., Palhares, F., & Tudge, J. R. H. (2019). Assessing variations in the expression of gratitude in youth: A three-cohort replication in southern Brazil.  Current Psychology.
  • Liang, Y., Tudge, J. R. H., Mokrova, I. L., Freitas, L. B. L., Merçon-Vargas, E. A., Mendonça, S. A., O’Brien, L., Cao, H., & Zhou, N. (2019). Validation in China and the United States of the Related–Autonomous–Separate–Heteronomous (RASH) scale: An assessment tool for measuring parents’ developmental goals for their children. Current Psychology.
  • Mendonça, S. E., Navarro, J. L., & Tudge, J. R. H. (2019). Gratitude. In J. J. Ponzetti, Jr. (Ed.), The Macmillan encyclopedia of families, marriage, and intimate relationships (pp. 422–423). Farmington Hills, MI: Gale Publishing.
  • Merçon-Vargas, E. A., & Tudge, J. R. H. (2019). Children’s and adolescents’ gratitude expression and its association with their greatest wishes across ethnic groups in the United States. Current Psychology, doi: 10.1007/s12144-019-00525-1
  • Tudge, J. R. H. (2019). Preface. In S. Koller, S. Paludo, & N. Morais (Eds). Ecological engagement: Urie Bronfenbrenner’s method to study human development (pp. xii–xvii). Springer.
  • Mendonça, S. E., Merçon-Vargas, E. A., Payir, A., & Tudge, J. R. H. (2018). The development of gratitude in seven societies: Cross-cultural highlights. In Cross-Cultural Research, Special Issue on Cross-cultural variations in the development of the virtue of gratitude (Eds. E. A. Merçon-Vargas, K. Poelker, & J. R. H. Tudge), 52, 135–150. doi: 10.1177/1069397117737245
  • Merçon-Vargas, E. A., Poelker, K., & Tudge, J. R. H. (2018). The development of the virtue of gratitude: Theoretical foundations and cross-cultural issues. In Cross-Cultural Research, Special Issue on Cross-cultural variations in the development of the virtue of gratitude (Eds. E. A. Merçon-Vargas, K. Poelker, & J. R. H. Tudge), 52, 3–18. doi: 10.1177/1069397117736517
  • Mokrova, I. L., Merçon-Vargas, E. A., & Tudge, J. R. H. (2018). Wishes, gratitude, and spending preferences in Russian children. In Cross-Cultural Research, Special Issue on Cross-cultural variations in the development of the virtue of gratitude (Eds. E. A. Merçon-Vargas, K. Poelker, & J. R. H. Tudge), 52, 102–116. doi: 10.1177/1069397117736736
  • Palhares, F., Freitas, L. B. L., Merçon-Vargas, E. A., & Tudge, J. R. H. (2018). The development of gratitude in Brazilian children and adolescents. In Cross-Cultural Research, Special Issue on Cross-cultural variations in the development of the virtue of gratitude (Eds. E. A. Merçon-Vargas, K. Poelker, & J. R. H. Tudge), 52, 31–43. doi: 10.1177/1069397117736749
  • Tudge, J. R. H., & Freitas, L. B. L. (2018). Developing gratitude: An introduction. In J. R. H. Tudge & L. B. L. Freitas (Eds.), Developing gratitude in children and adolescents (pp. 1–22). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
  • Tudge, J. R. H., Freitas, L. B. L., O’Brien, L. T., & Mokrova, I. L. (2018). Methods for studying the virtue of gratitude, cross-culturally. In Cross-Cultural Research, Special Issue on Cross-cultural variations in the development of the virtue of gratitude (Eds. E. A. Merçon-Vargas, K. Poelker, & J. R. H. Tudge), 52, 19–30. doi: 10.1177/1069397117737017
  • Tudge, J. R. H., Freitas, L. B. L., & O’Brien, L. T. (2018). Development of the virtue of gratitude. In M. Bornstein (Ed.), The Sage encyclopedia of lifespan human development (1001–1003). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
  • Tudge, J. R. H., Martins, G., Merçon-Vargas, E. A., Dellazzana-Zanon, L., Piccinini, C. A., & Freitas, L. B. F. (2018). Children, families, and communities in Brazil: A cultural-ecological approach to child-rearing values and practices.  In M. Fleer & B. von Oers (Eds.) International handbook of early childhood education (pp. 1503–1523). New York: Springer. ISBN 978-94-024-0925-3
  • Tudge, J. R. H., Rosa, E. A., & Payir, A. (2018). Urie Bronfenbrenner’s bioecological theory of human development. In M. Bornstein (Ed.), The Sage encyclopedia of lifespan human development (251–252). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
  • Gabriel, M. R., Polli, R. G., Dall’Agnol, L. F., Tudge, J. R. H., & Piccinini, C. A. (2017). Envolvimento paterno aos 24 meses de vida da criança [Paternal involvement with 24-month-old children].  Psicologia: Teoria e Pesquisa, 33, 1–10. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0102.3772e33410
  • Martins, G. D. F., Piccinini, C. A., & Tudge, J. R. H. (2017). Crenças sobre o bebê: Como essas ideias influenciam a forma com que nos relacionamos com ela [Beliefs about young children: How do these ideas influence how we relate to them]. In C. A. Piccinini, K. Seabra, & V. M. R. de Vasconcollos (Eds.), Bebês na creche: Contribuições da psicologia do desenvolvimento [Young children in child care: Contributions from developmental psychology] (39–54).  Curitiba: Juruá Psicologia.
  • Mendonça, S. A., Merçon-Vargas, E. A., O’Brien, L. T. & Tudge, J. R. H. (2017). O cuidado infantil no contexto cultural: Evidência dos Estados Unidos, Brasil e Quênia [Child care in cultural context: Evidence from the US, Brazil, and Kenya].  In C. A. Piccinini, K. Seabra, & V. M. R. de Vasconcollos (Eds.), Bebês na creche: Contribuições da psicologia do desenvolvimento [Young children in child care: Contributions from developmental psychology] (133–145).  Curitiba: Juruá Psicologia.
  • Merçon-Vargas, E. A., Mendonça, S. E., O’Brien, L., & Tudge, J. R. H. (2017). Imigrantes Brasileiros nos Estados Unidos: Como experiências no contexto racial e legal impactam o acesso a direitos humanos básicos [Brazilian immigrants in the United States: How experiences in the racial and legal context impact their acess to basic human rights]. In E. M. Rosa & L. Z. Avellar (Eds.), Psicologia, justiça e direitos humanos [Psychology, justice, and human rights] (pp. 201–217). Curitiba: Juruá Psicologia. ISBN: 978853627005-0
  • Rosa, E. M., & Tudge, J. R. H. (2017). Teoria bioecológia do desenvolvimento humano: Considerações metodológicas [Bioecological theory of human development: Methodological issues]. In A. C. G. Dias & E. M Rosa (Eds.), Metodologias de Pesquisa e Intervenção para Crianças, Adolescentes e Jovens [Research and intervention methods with children, adolescents, and youth] (pp. 17–43). Vitória: UFES Editora. ISBN 978-85-7772-346-1
  • Tudge, J. R. H., Merçon-Vargas, E. A., Liang, Y., & Payir, A. (2017). The importance of Urie Bronfenbrenner’s bioecological theory for early childhood educators and early childhood education. In L. Cohen & S. Stupiansky (Eds.), Theories of early childhood education: Developmental, behaviorist, and critical (45–57). New York: Routledge. ISBN: 978-1-138-18948-5
  • Freitas, L. B. L., Tudge, J. R. H., Palhares, F. M. C., & Prestes, A. C. (2016). Relações entre desenvolvimento da gratidão e construção de valores em jovens [The relations between the development of gratitude and the construction of values in youth]. Psicologia, Revista da Universidade de São Francisco, 21(1), 13–24. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1413-82712016210102
  • Kiang, L., Mendonça, S., Liang, Y., Payir, A., O’Brien, L., Tudge, J., & Freitas, L (2016). If children won lotteries: Materialism, gratitude, and spending in an imaginary windfall. Young Consumers, 17(4), 404–418.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/YC-07-2016-00614
  • Merçon-Vargas, E. A., Pieta, M. A., Freitas, L. B. L., & Tudge, J. R. H. (2016). Social-class influences on the expression of gratitude and wishes of Brazilian children and adolescents: A within-culture analysis.  Psicologia, Revista da Universidade de São Francisco, 21(3), 651–652
  • Rosa, E. M., & Tudge, J. R. H. (2016). Bioecological theory of human development. In D. Couchenour & J. K. Chrisman (Eds.), Sage Encyclopedia of Contemporary Early Childhood Education (pp. 153–156). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. http://dx.doi.org/10.4135/9781483340333.n39
  • Tudge, J. R. H. (2016). Implicit vs. explicit ways of using Bronfenbrenner’s bioecological theory: Comments on Jaeger. Human Development, 59, 195–199. doi 10.1159/000449453
  • Tudge, J. R. H. (2016).  Prefácio.  In Koller, S., Morais, N., & Paludo, S. (Eds.) Inserção ecológica: Um método de estudo do desenvolvimento humano [Ecological insertion: A method for studying human development] (pp. 7–14). São Paulo: Pearson Clinical Brasil.
  • Tudge, J. R. H., Payir, A., Merçon-Vargas, E. A., Cao, H., Liang, Y., Li, J., & O’Brien, L. T. (2016). Still misused after all these years? A re-evaluation of the uses of Bronfenbrenner’s bioecological theory of human development. Journal of Family Theory and Review, 8, 427–445. doi: 10.1111/jftr.12165.
  • Tudge, J. R. H., Freitas, L. B. L., & O’Brien, L. T. (2015). The virtue of gratitude: A developmental and cultural approach. Human Development, 58(4), 281–300. DOI:10.1159/000444308
  • Martins, G. F., Gonçalves, T. R, Marin, A. H., Piccinini, C. A., Sperb, T. M., & Tudge, J. R. H. (2015). Social class, workplace experience, and child-rearing values of mothers and fathers in southern Brazil.  Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 46, 996­-1009. doi: 10.1177/0022022115597067
  • Tudge, J. R. H., Freitas, L. B. L., Mokrova, I. L., Wang, Y. C., & O’Brien, M. (2015). The expression of gratitude and materialism in youth.  Paidéia, 25(62), 281­­-288. doi:10.1590/1982-43272562201501
  • Wang, D., Wang, Y. C., & Tudge, J. R. H. (2015). Expressions of gratitude in children and adolescents: Insights from China and the United States. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 46, 1039–1058. doi: 10.1177/0022022115594140