School of Health and Human Sciences

CTR Therapeutic Recreation Laboratory

The TR lab is a wonderful resource room not only for TR students but also TR practitioners to explore.  Most resources found in the lab can be checked out on loan for a limited time, allowing students to use the items in practicum, internship and practice.

Some TR content courses are held in this room, where students are taught hands on TR interventions. There are domain sections with cognitive, physical, social, emotional and leisure equipment and tools, a library of books, as well as virtual reality equipment, stress management tools, sports wheelchairs, and Xbox equipment.

The room also has a “sensory area” with a bubble tube, Somatron chair (sensory relaxation), and light curtain.

Request an Appointment to Visit the TR Lab by Emailing:


Justin HarmonDr. Justin Harmon

Dr. Justin Harmon has three primary threads of research:

  1. music and life course development (how people use music to cope with life transitions and maintain identity);
  2. recreation interventions post-diagnosis of cancer, specifically nature-based activities (e.g., hiking); and
  3. community development, broadly understood (e.g., public-nonprofit partnerships; allocation of public resources; civic engagement; and conflict in public spaces).

Dr. Harmon is particularly interested in how behavior, identity, and experience intersect through leisure, and how the public sphere can support the development of individuals and communities through creating access to life-enhancing leisure opportunities.

Some of his community partners include: ArtsGreensboro and North Carolina Folk Festival; the Cone Health Cancer Center; the Hirsch Wellness Network; the Homeless Union of Greensboro; and the Greensboro Parks and Recreation Department.

See Dr. Harmon’s homepage

Dr. Judy Kinney

Dr. Kinney an Assistant Professor in the Department of Community and Therapeutic Recreation. Her research has an overall theme of coping strategies for individuals with illness or disability. Several aspects include pain management, the use of nonpharmacological interventions such as virtual reality to manage pain, along with other treatment outcomes, and the provision of RT services.

Two recent articles have been recently published on the topic of pain management that surveyed active CTRSs on their knowledge and attitudes of pain as well as identifying types of pain management interventions that are used by RTs. These articles were awarded the National Academy of Recreational Therapists Manuscript Award in 2019 which was a peer review award that recognized one manuscript from the TRJ and Annual in TR.

Another research interest is the use of virtual reality as a RT intervention. One study in the planning stage is to combine these interests to determine if the use of a virtual reality program that is designed to manage pain (Cool by FirstHand Technologies) is effective in managing pain. She is collaborating with a LRT and RN in a hospital setting to determine whether VR is effective in managing pain of youth undergoing wound care treatment for burns.

Another planned study will investigate the use of VR in improving upper extremity range of motion, cognitive skills, and pain management for individuals recovering from CVAs.

Another research area is understanding the provision of RT services provided by CTRS; a manuscript was recently submitted for review that surveyed active CTRSs to determine direct patient care data (e.g., hours of direct patient care, therapy interventions, number of clients served) as it is critical that our discipline begin to establish benchmarking data that can be used in licensure efforts and comparison of services within settings or populations served.

See Dr Kinney’s homepage

kimm smallMs. Kimberly D. Miller

Ms. Kimberly D. Miller is currently conducting research on Inclusive Postsecondary Education: Parent Perspectives on Outcomes for Students with Developmental Disabilities.  The opportunity to go to college is a reality for most high school students.  Until this decade, however, inclusive postsecondary education (IPSE) was merely a dream for individuals with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD).

The authorization of the Higher Education Opportunity Act (PL 110-315) in 2008 allowed for the propagation of programs designed to support individuals with IDD in accessing postsecondary education opportunities.  However, little is known about the outcomes associated with IPSE. This study aimed to examine the desired and perceived outcomes of inclusive postsecondary education (IPSE) for individuals with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) from the perspective of their parents.  Investigators: Kimberly D. Miller, Dr. Stuart J. Schleien, and Dr. Lalenja Harrington

See Ms. Miller’s homepage

Dr. Stuart J. Schleien

Schleien SAs a Licensed and Certified Therapeutic Recreation Specialist, Dr. Schleien develops best practices that help parents and professionals design inclusive recreation, sports, and camp programs for children and adults with diverse skills and abilities. His scholarship as a systems change agent for inclusive service
delivery helps agencies manage successful organizational change and development.

See More of Dr. Schleien’s Research


Dr. Brent Wolfe

Brent WolfeDr. Wolfe’s research interests include exploring the effectiveness of disability simulations in recreational therapy education, understanding the lived experiences of adults with developmental disabilities and volunteering as a therapeutic intervention. His work has been published in the Therapeutic Recreation Journal, Journal of Higher Education Outreach and Engagement, and the Journal of Experiential Education. Dr. Wolfe has also written book chapters for numerous Recreational Therapy and Leadership textbooks.

See Dr. Wolfe’s homepage